Pregnancy is a unique experience for every woman, with many having various conditions associated with their pregnancies. In this regard, the overall health of the mother and baby are of the utmost priority for medical service providers. At times, there could be serious health risks that affect both mother and baby. One of these is gestational diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes Risks
This is a type of diabetes that develops specifically during pregnancy. Although it appears only within this period, it still affects the person with diabetes in the same manner that any other type of diabetes would affect a patient. High blood sugar occurs, which can affect the condition of the pregnant woman and the child she carries.
Among the many risks that could harm both mother and child would be early birth, excessive birth weight, respiratory distress syndrome and low blood sugar. For the long-term, the babies with mothers who had gestational diabetes during their pregnancy could, later in life, develop Type 2 diabetes. If left untreated, it could also become fatal.
Symptoms and Treatment
Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed during routine checkups with the OB-GYN or midwife as it does not display any obvious symptoms. Once a pregnant woman is diagnosed with gestational diabetes, she will then be put under a strict gestational diabetes diet. In some cases, medication will be recommended too.
It’s important to be able to control the pregnant woman’s blood sugar not only to keep the baby healthy, but also to keep her from having difficulty in childbirth. The body will be put under severe stress during labor, after all, and having a high blood sugar content can only aggravate the situation further.
To help manage and maintain the blood sugar during pregnancy, the mother will need to make certain adjustments, such as lowering or monitoring calorie intake for those who are overweight. Portioning will also be crucial in having a successful gestational diet. Taking on light exercises such as walking or swimming is also advisable.
Expectant mothers would do well to first consult with a diabetes specialist in Perth from reliable health service providers if they feel that they are at risk for gestational diabetes. The sooner this is addressed, the better the chances are that both baby and mum are kept safe from the possible side effects.
What is Gestational Diabetes? American Diabetes Association.
Gestational Diabetes. Mayo Clinic.